A rare blue electric tarantula is found in South America

In just one month, researchers who conducted an ecological survey in Guyana found more than 30 new species. The most compelling findings are the exotic blue electric tarantulas.

According to a report released on November 16, 2017, the tarantula was found in Kaieteur and Upper Potaro National Parks in the northern region of the South American continent. Incidentally, the area is indeed known for its rich biodiversity and habitat for a number of endemic species.

The reptile and amphibian mammal Andrew Snyder recounts that the tarantula was found accidentally. He looked at a rotting tree with a number of holes in Upper Potaro.

Then Snyder directs the spotlight into a hole. Unwitting lights allegedly making a tarantula out of the hole.

Snyder and the researchers have not been able to explain the type of tarantula. Understandably, his form is unusual for the Theraphosidae family – the Latin name of the tarantula in the scientific realm.

Snyder suspects this blue tarantula is a communal species of the Ischnocolinae sub-family (spider) that used to hide in a hole. One sign is the tarantula is rarely hiding and this new breed lacks enough hair which is usually the first defense of predators.

According to him, this is not necessarily a color game (iridescence). Tarantula cobalt in Southeast Asia also has a shiny blue leg, as well as Singapore’s blue tarantula (Lampropelma violaceopes) and Greenbottle blue tarantulas (Chromatopelma cyaneopubescens) that have blue feet and hard shells (carapace).

“I went there at night, the light of my spotlight gave rise to a blue glow from the hole I initially ignored it because I thought it was just an ordinary spider.

“But I feel there is something different, something that makes me go back there,” he said in a written report.

This is one of the largest ecological surveys there involving researchers from the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), Guyana University, and the Commission on Global Protected Areas of Wildlife and Conservation.

In addition to the intended tarantula, the researchers also found six new species of fish, three plants, 15 water beetles, frogs, and several dragonflies. Everything is new in science.

In addition to discovering a number of new species, the survey also highlighted the region’s important role as a threatened species habitat such as Tepui swift, jaguar, white laced peccary, and iconic rocket frog.

The report also says that the area has more than 50 percent of birds, 30 percent mammals, and 43 percent amphibians.

“Guyana’s view is different in many ways,” the researchers said. “But the most remarkable is that more than 85 percent of it is still covered by rain forests, the second highest proportion in the world, as other countries are experiencing huge losses of biodiversity and environmental degradation.

At the same time, Guyana’s biodiversity remains largely undocumented and poorly studied, “they said.

The country’s biodiversity is protected naturally because of its low human population density and many inaccessible areas. But over the past decade, threats from illegal mining and other hazardous activities have increased.

Students Create Hair Tonic from Sea Cucumber and Shrimp Skin

Hair loss is a problem for many people in Indonesia, which if prolonged can cause baldness. The use of tonic certainly can help reduce the problem. However, hair tonic products sold on the market are not aquatic-based.

This problem is the back of the students of the Department of Aquatic Product Technology, Nur Islami Rizki Syukrillah, in creating a hair tonic made from sea cucumbers and shrimp leather waste.

“Currently, the use of aquatic products to solve the problem of hair loss is still scarce, so in this study I formulated a hair-based collagen concoction of sea cucumbers and shrimp skin,” he explained, as quoted from page IPB.

In his formulation, Nur uses technology to dissolve compounds, increase absorption, and penetrate the material. “Nano-touch technology is needed for active ingredients to penetrate hair follicles and epidermal layers thereby increasing the performance of active ingredients,” he added.

According to Nur, collagen is marketed today more made from cowhide and pig skin. In addition to doubtful security, this material is clearly not kosher. Therefore, the use of sea cucumbers as a substitute for the animal has a content of 70% in the body wall. Meanwhile, shrimp skin used is rich in chitin and chitosan.

This hair tonic has been tested into animal experiments in the form of white mice. The best hair tonic formula is formula 2 with addition of 1% nanokolagen and 5% nanocitosan resulting in rat hair length 25,500 ± 1,290 mm within 21 days.

But if the goal is to thicken the hair, adds Nur, then formula 1 (3% kinosan addition and 3% collagen) shows better results with a final weight of 0.13 grams of hair.

Nur hopes, the results of this study can contribute knowledge about the application of collagen and citosan. “I hope this research could be an effort to develop aquatic products as a base for cosmetic making, and become a new reference and discovery,” he concluded.